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Web Hosting
Introduction
The-OnRamp.Net provides commercial, small business and personal web hosting. Services provided in web hosting can vary from static personal and small business web pages to large and complicated applications using customer databases, credit card services, email systems. To immediately apply for web hosting, complete the Web Hosting Application Form for small business or commercial usage, or Express Personal Web Page Hosting Form for personal use.

The following describes pretty much everything you need to know about web hosting your personal pages or a small or commercial business. Feel free to print this for future reference or email it to a friend to have them help you learn the concepts of web hosting.

Brief Terminology
Here are some terms and acronyms that you should be familiar with in order to communicate with The-OnRamp.Net staff regarding web hosting.

HTML stands for Hyper Text Markup Language.
PERL is a programming language.
ASP stands for Active Server Pages. 
CGI stands for common gateway interface. CGI is commonly confused to be a programming language, but it is not. PERL AND ASP are programming language that uses a CGI.
Both CGI and ASP scripts are performed or carried out on the Internet server (SERVER SIDE) rather than on your computer (CLIENT SIDE).
HTTP stands for Hyper Text Transfer Protocol. This is a protocol that your Internet browser using to receive and display HTML pages.
FTP stands for File Transfer protocol. This is a protocol that your Internet browser or FTP program uses to transfer text or binary files from one place to another (e.g. from your computer to an Internet FTP website.)

Commercial Use
Commercial web hosting can best be described as a website that involves large and complicated web pages that interact with other businesses, computer databases, e-commerce shopping cart systems, credit card services, emailing and advertising systems.

Small Business Use
Small business web hosting can best be described as a website that involves web pages that are on a smaller scale or system requirements. It can include some of the major components of a commercial website, but not all of them.

Personal Use
Any member of The-OnRamp.Net can request web hosting using a virtual directory on THE-ONRAMP.NET. This is a free service.

We recommend using one of the latest commercial or free FTP utilities and a Web page development tool. There is a disk space limitations of 5MB. FrontPage Server Extensions are not supported because FrontPage2000 server extensions are not installed on The-OnRamp.Net homepage.

An example of a virtual webpage would be for a customer called Jane Doe, who is a Dialup customer of THE-ONRAMP.NET, and she requests web hosting for personal use. Her virtual directory could be called JANEDOE if a virtual directory named like that doesn't all ready exist. If one were to lookup the web page using your Internet browser you would type this: HTTP://WWW.THE-ONRAMP.NET/JANEDOE

Tools
The following tools are listed for your benefit. We often use one or many of these programs to design and implement web pages for our own internal usage, small business, personal and commercial business.

Commercial Web Development Programs
These are programs that are available at a local or online computer store. Check around for latest prices.
1. Microsoft FrontPage2000 / FrontPage97 
2. Microsoft Visual Studio 
3. Netscape Composer 
4. Microsoft Word for Windows97

File Editors
These are for the web developer who can read and write HTML syntax.
1. Programmer's File Editor (PFE32), v1.01. This is a free program. Get this at http://www.freeware32.com 
2. Microsoft Notepad. This is built into your Windows operating system in the Programs | Accessories menu.

FTP Programs
1. WSFTP / Pro  Get this from http://www.ipswitch.com 
2. CuteFTP  Get this from http://www.globalscape.com 
3. Microsoft FTP - this is built into Microsoft Windows95, 98 and Windows NT through your Internet Dialup or Remote Access.

Compression Programs
It is important to understand how to compress and decompress data for usage on the Internet. In doing so, you save hard drive space for file storage and retrieval, and decrease download and upload times. The following are some utilities that can be useful. They are widely available on the Internet, but make sure before you use them to virus check them when you download them.
1. WinZip - used to compress and decompress files. Get this from Http://www.winzip.com OS: Windows
2. Pkzip.exe / Pkunzip.exe - used to compress and decompress files.  OS: MS-DOS
3. LHA.exe - used to freeze and melt files. Very cool! OS: MS-DOS
4. Split.exe - used to split binary files into smaller chunks. OS: MS-DOS

Specifications
You can never understand too much about the languages that are used to create web pages.
HTML, etc - Go to http://www.w3.org 
Perl, etc - Go to http://www.perl.com
JavaScript - Got to http://www.javascript.com , http://www.adeveloper.com/resource.html
SQL - Got to http://www.mssqlserver.com , http://www.sqlserver.com 

Setup & Configuration
When the setup and configuration of a web hosted site begins, there are a few requirements that must be completed: 1) server type and location. 2) Usage / Load, 3) Security

Server Type & Location
There are two types of application servers that can provide web hosting and a third which is your server at our location:
1. Shared - These are servers that share application space with other web hosted sites. Personal and small business web hosting often falls into this category.
2. Dedicated - this is a server that only supports and runs your web site. This can be a server The-OnRamp.Net provides or it can be provided by you. If it is provided by you, your web hosting category would fall into the Co-hosting category.
3. Co-Located - this is your server, in our network operations, totally secured, configured and dedicated to your web hosting application. See our Co-Located Application Server request form and services agreement for a better understanding of this Server Type & Location.

Usage / Load
When you web host, you must have an idea of how many customers or users will be visiting the site daily, and how many files or web pages will be accessed. This kind of anticipated knowledge will help The-OnRamp.Net staff better prepare and configure your website for current demand from customers.

DISK SPACE - how much hard drive space (MB) is required to support your web hosting pages or application.
TRAFFIC - how much Internet activity is going to be added to our servers and to our Internet communication systems.
USERS - how many maximum users per day and also concurrent (online at the same time) will be expected.

Security
Web hosting security is a something that is not often thought about until a hacker gets into your application and brings down your site. There are several precautions one can take to guarantee uptime and there are also security types you can use for web hosting.

Security precautions:
1. Backup your content prior to making web site changes, and then regularly if customer data is involved. Most of all create a backup plan that will work for your business and web hosting needs.
2. Regularly change the Internet passwords to your site. The best prevention of being hacked is strong passwords that are regularly changed. The-OnRamp.Net can assist you with this if we control your web hosting password. However, it is up to you to request the change and then test it.
3. The password for your Internet username name and password (to include email) through an ISP should not be the same as an operating system password or application password.
4. The Username and Password should not be the same. A username like Joe and a password like Joe is unacceptable.
5. The username and password should not be connected to your personal information like your social security number, home address or telephone number, children's name, pet's name, etc.
6. A good strong password would be at least 6 characters, with letters and numbers and mixed case. For example: username James and password 1doorsAway. Or, another good one is username GinaG and password Ttbgtyd2

Security Types:
There are two  types of security that your web hosting can implement.

Server Level Security
The-OnRamp.Net servers can provide two types of security. This is security that is controlled by the web hosting server's operating system (e.g. Microsoft Windows NT, Linux, Solaris, etc.)
1. Anonymous - This means anyone who can find your web site can access it.
2. Secured - This means that a username and password are required to access your web site.

Application level security
Then there are security elements that you can include in your web hosted application. This is security that is built into your web hosting application.
1. Web pages can be secured by programming into the it a username password that the user must supply when visiting the page.
2. Databases can include security of their own. SQL Server, MS Access offers built-in security for web pages.

Testing
The testing of your website on The-OnRamp.Net systems can be dangerous if you are not aware of the impact of the web page components you are installing. Prior to any testing that involves Active Server Pages, Perl scripts, Credit Card services, Email services, database functionality, it would be best to test it offline on your own network servers.

InterNIC
When you want to change ISPs, you need to provide the following information to the Referral Agency (networksolutions.com, etc.)

PRIMARY NAME SERVER & IP ADDRESS:
NS1.THE-ONRAMP.NET  
64.42.26.6

SECONDARY NAME SERVER  & IP ADDRESS:
NS2.THE-ONRAMP.NET  
64.42.26.7


Referral Agencies
To locate your existing website and update or modify Administrative or Hosting information, go to the referral agency Network Solutions.

Note: DO NOT use the IP Address for NS1.THE-ONRAMP.NET nor the IP Address for NS1.SOURCE.NET. Why? Because the IP Addresses may change in the future, and it is easier to change the number the refers to the name, than change the name. That is called "Abstraction" and is commonly known in the programming world. NS1.THE-ONRAMP.NET used to be 208.138.53.1, then 207.190.141.4 and now 64.42.26.6. Because InterNIC.net knew that NS1.THE-ONRAMP.NET is a primary name server, the fact that the number changed was irrelevant. All websites hosted by THE-ONRAMP.NET was mass changed to the new number within 3 days.

Our Servers
The-OnRamp.Net provides the state of the art servers with plenty of hard drive space, memory and network speed. It is our goal to remain up-to-date with the latest knowledge and technology that provides the best Internet service to you. Our servers do require maintenance from time to time, and in doing so, scheduled downtime needs to be documented and communicated to our web hosting customers. Sometimes, downtime may include upgrades for security reasons or for bug fixes. 

If maintenance is scheduled, you as a web host customer will be advised in advance of the scheduled downtime and also will be communicated on the changes so you can reply if you believe this might impact your web host application.

Backups
The-OnRamp.Net regularly performs backups of all critical systems including web hosting content. If you have special requirements, please contact The-OnRamp.Net and we can arrange some special service for your needs.

Viruses
The-OnRamp.Net regularly checks our internal servers for viruses using the latest commercial programs. If you believe your computer was infected from a file downloaded from the Internet, please contact support@the-onramp.net as soon as possible so we can review our systems. 

About every other day, a new virus is released into the Internet and all of us must report and share information that affects everyone. Our community cannot afford the spread of viruses.  A virus on your computer can interfere with your Internet service because you cannot identify why your Internet connections and computer are behaving so erratically or slowly, and you might think that it was something that The-OnRamp.Net might have done to affect your service.

What are some of the signs that your computer has a virus??? What should you do? Here are some tips that we recommend so you are not frustrated.
1. Your anti-virus program reports that a virus was found on your computer. You should immediately contact a close computer friend or a computer store to resolve the problem before you connect to the Internet and spread the problem.
2. Your computer is running more slowly than normal. This can be seen as slow Internet surfing, slow email programs, sudden pauses in your computer.
3. Your email program is sending email that you are unaware of to friends and customers in your address book.
4. Your email program cannot send attachments.

...The list goes on and on. 


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